Share via Email This article is over 4 years old The possibility of a link between real-life and screened violence has been a source of huge controversy since the s. The methodology of previous laboratory studies, which have used spikes in short-term aggressive behaviour to suggest a causal relationship between screened and real-life violence have also been questioned in the report, published in the Journal of Communication. Christopher Ferguson, a psychologist at Stetson University in Florida, carried out two studies into media violence.
Opposing views abound concerning the nature and extent of the problem, the causes, theoretical underpinnings, and the best ways to mitigate this tragic trend. Youthful offenders were treated like adult criminals until aroundwhen separate juvenile processing procedures developed with goals of rehabilitation.
Facing drastic increases in violent crime during the s, however, the pendulum has swung back to processing many juvenile offenders as adults; possibly being charged with punishments as severe as life in prison and the death penalty.
New research on juvenile brain development and malfunction, made possible by magnetic resonance imaging MRInow raises scientific and human rights challenges to many "get tough" social policies.
It is a complex social concern inextricably linked with issues of race, poverty, gender, child abuse and neglect, family breakdown, educational failure, urban decay, substance abuse, child development, and failed social services and networks.
In addition to the science relevant to these issues, however, the debate over juvenile offenders is also governed by the media, public opinion, and personal beliefs.
Our own fears and vulnerabilities help shape personal and public policy views toward juvenile criminal offenders and the mechanisms by which crime can be reduced in our cities and towns.
It is clear that most people believe that juvenile violent crime to be a national crisis. Stories like the following fuel our fears and sense of helplessness: Coming to school dressed in camouflage fatigues and possessing a van full of ammunition, Golden set off the school's fire alarm.
While their classmates filed out of the building, the boys opened fire upon them. Fifteen people were injured, five fatally Ramsland, In Chicago, an year-old boy murdered a year-old girl in order to impress his fellow gang members Satterthwaite,p.
In Whitfield County, Georgia, six youths, ages fifteen through seventeen, were arrested and charged with stealing several vehicles and breaking into hundreds of others Mitchell, Many experts in juvenile crime, however, fault the media for what they believe to be sensationalistic, ratings-driven coverage of a relative few gruesome criminal events.
Media reporter, Susan Douglas, and others argue that this emphasis on specific incidences of juvenile violent crime is evil in its own right because it fails to consider the institutional violence in our society that fosters juvenile crime, such as poverty, racism, unemployment, lack of gun control, poor educational opportunities, failed drug treatment policies, violent homes and communities, and inadequate social and medical services.
Juvenile Crime Rates One salient topic concerning juvenile crime, then, is the nature and extent of it in our society.
Additionally, the National Criminal Victimization Survey released by US Department of Justice surveys thousands of households nationwide to gather data on criminal victimization that was not reported to the police.
According to the FBI, The number of juveniles arrested for property crimes in decreased Federal Bureau of Investigation, While this data raises alarm for some public policy advocates, others, such as Michael Jones and Barry Krisberg of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency argue that juvenile crime rates have not soared over the past three decades, and, in fact, they have declined or remained constant when one considers more detailed and reliable indicators.
Since juvenile offenders are more likely to commit crimes with their peers "co-offend"for example, the successful arrest of three juveniles for one murder inflates the actual juvenile crime data to suggest that there were three murders, not one.
Thus, one major challenge in any analysis of juvenile crime and resulting public policy is one's interpretation of the data available about the nature and extent of juvenile criminal actions annually.
Applications Causes of Youth Violence Seifert reports that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency OJJDP identified six risk categories for youth violence that provides a useful way of organizing causal conditions for youthful offenders: Economic risks pertain to poverty, homelessness, and joblessness.
Family risks include violence, child abuse and neglect, conflict, and lack of nurturing and support.“The research demonstrates a consistent relation between violent video game use and increases in aggressive behavior, aggressive cognitions and aggressive affect, and decreases in prosocial behavior, empathy and sensitivity to aggression,” says the report of the APA Task Force on Violent Media.
Violent crime in general, which includes rape, robbery, simple and aggravated assault, and forcible rape, is perpetrated far more often by males than females. In addition to this, males have historically been almost twice as likely as females to be victims of murder.
Juvenile Crime in the U.S. Research Paper Starter. Homework Help. Juvenile Crime in the U.S. (Research Starters) Facing drastic increases in violent crime during the s, however, the. Research papers, however, take a lot more effort because as the name suggests, you actually have to do your research before you can write anything in your paper.
Teachers can assign anything from a wide range of topics from humanities, social issues, current affairs, culture, entertainment, philosophy, and . In the long term, violent crime in the United States has been in decline since colonial times.
The homicide rate has been estimated to be over 30 per , people in , dropping to under 20 by , and to under 10 by 2 Rap Music Lyrics and the Construction of Violent Identities Among Adolescents This paper explores the relationship between lyrical rap music content and the.