It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein. For example, Confederate veteran John W.
See Article History Alternative Title: One group was founded immediately after the Civil War and lasted until the s; the other began in and has continued to the present.
The organization quickly became a vehicle for Southern white underground resistance to Radical Reconstruction. Klan members sought the restoration of white supremacy through intimidation and violence aimed at the newly enfranchised black freedmen.
A similar organization, the Knights of the White Camelia, began in Louisiana in Library of Congress, Washington, D. The group was presided over by a grand wizard Confederate cavalry general Nathan Bedford Forrest is believed to have been the first grand wizard and a descending hierarchy of grand dragons, grand titans, and grand cyclopses.
Dressed in robes and sheets designed to frighten superstitious blacks and to prevent identification by the occupying federal troops, Klansmen whipped and killed freedmen and their white supporters in nighttime raids. The 19th-century Klan reached its peak between and A potent force, it was largely responsible for the restoration of white rule in North CarolinaTennessee, and Georgia.
Local branches remained active for a time, however, prompting Congress to pass the Force Act in and the Ku Klux Act in These bills authorized the president to suspend the writ of habeas corpussuppress disturbances by force, and impose heavy penalties upon terrorist organizations.
Grant was lax in utilizing this authority, although he did send federal troops to some areas, suspend habeas corpus in nine South Carolina counties, and appoint commissioners who arrested hundreds of Southerners for conspiracy. In United States v. Harris inthe Supreme Court declared the Ku Klux Act unconstitutional, but by that time the Klan had practically disappeared.
It disappeared because its original objective—the restoration of white supremacy throughout the South—had been largely achieved during the s. The need for a secret antiblack organization diminished accordingly.
The 20th-century Klan had its roots more directly in the American nativist tradition. It was organized in near AtlantaGeorgia, by Col. The new organization remained small until Edward Y. Clarke and Elizabeth Tyler brought to it their talents as publicity agents and fund raisers.
The revived Klan was fueled partly by patriotism and partly by a romantic nostalgia for the old South, but, more importantly, it expressed the defensive reaction of white Protestants in small-town America who felt threatened by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia and by the large-scale immigration of the previous decades that had changed the ethnic character of American society.
Griffith Corporation This second Klan peaked in the s, when its membership exceeded 4, nationally, and profits rolled in from the sale of its memberships, regalia, costumes, publications, and rituals.
A burning cross became the symbol of the new organization, and white-robed Klansmen participated in marches, parades, and nighttime cross burnings all over the country.Consider the Ku Klux Kreed written by Simmons in the Kloran  The Kloran is the handbook of the Ku Klux Klan and details its membership roles and duties, ceremonies, and procedures.
Each degree of the Klan, except K-Quad, has its own Kloran.
of the second era Klan. Six returning ex-officers of the defeated Southern States found the Ku Klux Klan on December 24, , in in Pulaski (Tennessee). The name of this secret society comes from the Greek word kyklos (circle) and clan (family), because the founders of all origins were Scottish.
Ku Klux Klan: noose A Ku Klux Klan member dangling a noose from an automobile in an effort to intimidate African American voters in Miami, Florida, May 3, AP Images The Klan was unable to stem the growth of a new racial tolerance in the South in the years that followed.
The Indiana Klan was a branch of the Ku Klux Klan, a secret society in the United States that organized in to affect public affairs on issues of Prohibition, education, political corruption, and morality.
Origins of the Ku Klux Klan The origin of the Ku Klux Klan was a carefully guarded secret for years, although there were many theories to explain its beginnings.
The beginning of the Klan involved nothing so sinister, subversive or ancient as the theories supposed/5(1). May 30, · Watch video · Following the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan emerges to suppress and victimize newly freed slaves.
Following the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan emerges to suppress and victimize newly freed slaves.