Fall of Singapore Australian positions in Singapore February On 8 February, the Japanese landed in the north-west of the island and within six days they were on the outskirts of Singapore city, which was also now under constant air attack. Many of the troops had been shocked at the apparent lack of defences on the island.
Singapore, an island at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, was considered a vital part of the British Empire and supposedly impregnable as a fortress.
Improvements to Singapore as a British military base had only been completed at great cost in Once the Japanese expanded throughout the region after Pearl Harbour Decembermany in Britain and Australia felt that Singapore would become an obvious target for the Japanese.
However, the British military command in Singapore was confident that the power they could call on there would make any Japanese attack useless. The Japanese onslaught through the Malay Peninsula took everybody by surprise. Speed was of the essence for the Japanese, never allowing the British forces time to re-group.
This was the first time British forces had come up against a full-scale attack by the Japanese. Any thoughts of the Japanese fighting a conventional form of war were soon shattered.
The British had confidently predicted that the Japanese would attack from the sea. This explained why all the defences on Singapore pointed out to sea.
It was inconceivable to British military planners that the island could be attacked any other way - least of all, through the jungle and mangrove swamps of the Malay Peninsula.
As the Japanese attacked through the Peninsulatheir troops were ordered to take no prisoners as they would slow up the Japanese advance. Social life was important in Singapore and the Raffles Hotel and Singapore Club were important social centres frequented by officers.
An air of complacency had built in regarding how strong Singapore was - especially if it was attacked by the Japanese. Britain 's naval presence at Singapore was strong.
On December 8thboth put out to sea and headed north up the Malay coast to where the Japanese were landing. On December 10th, both ships were sunk by repeated attacks from Japanese torpedo bombers. The RAF could offer the ships no protection as their planes had already been destroyed by the Japanese.
The loss of both ships had a devastating impact on morale in Britain. I was thankful to be alone.
The army in the area was led by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival. He had 90, men there - British, Indian and Australian troops. The Japanese advanced with 65, men lead by General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
At the Battle of Jitra in Malaya December 11th and 12thPercival's men were soundly beaten and from this battle were in full retreat. The Japanese attack was based on speed, ferocity and surprise. To speed their advance on Singapore, the Japanese used bicycles as one means of transport.
Captured wounded Allied soldiers were killed where they lay. Those who were not injured but had surrendered were also murdered - some captured Australian troops were doused with petrol and burned to death. Locals who had helped the Allies were tortured before being murdered.
The brutality of the Japanese soldiers shocked the British. All the indications were that the Japanese would attack Singapore across the Johor Strait. On January 31stthe British and Australian forces withdrew across the causeway that separated Singapore from Malaya. It was clear that this would be their final stand.
Percival spread his men across a 70 mile line - the entire coastline of the island. This proved a mistake. Percival had overestimated the strength of the Japanese. On February 8th,the Japanese attacked across the Johor Strait. Many Allied soldiers were simply too far away to influence the outcome of the battle.
On February 8th, 23, Japanese soldiers attacked Singapore. They advanced with speed and ferocity. At the Alexandra Military Hospital, Japanese soldiers murdered the patients they found there. Percival kept many men away from the Japanese attack fearing that more Japanese would attack along the 70 mile coastline.
The Japanese tookmen prisoner in Singapore. Many had just arrived and had not fired a bullet in anger. The people of Singapore fared worse.Fall of Singapore Australian positions in Singapore February By 31 January , all British Empire forces had withdrawn from the Malay peninsula onto Singapore Island.
SINGAPORE - Prices for Mao Shan Wang durians are falling, as vendors in Singapore see a slump in customer numbers. Mao Shan Wang durians - also known as Musang King - . The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of alphabetnyc.com: Japanese victory, Japanese occupation of Singapore.
Singapore's fall was not the end or full extent of the grim situation faced by Australia in early Within four days of the surrender Japanese forces that had pressed on into the Netherlands East Indies would be bombing Darwin, and over succeeding days Australians in Timor and Java would also be fighting for their lives.
The fall of Singapore, commemorated each year by an ever-dwindling number of survivors, effectively marked the point when Australia reconsidered its colonial relationship with Britain and looked increasingly towards the US for its future protection.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore. Singapore was the major British military base in South-East Asia and was the key to British imperial interwar defence planning for South-East Asia and .