Comprising Logarithms of Numbers, […]page 69It is evident, moreover, that as the logarithms of numbers, which are tenfold, the one of the other, do not differ except in their characteristics, it is sufficient that the tables contain the fractional parts only of the logarithms. Swanwick, Elementary Trigonometry, Cambridge University Presspage 60As the sine and cosine are always proper fractions their logarithms are negative, i. When we are given an angle, it is impossible to say, from inspection of the angle, what the characteristic of the logarithm of its sine, cosine or tangent may be; so the characteristics have to be printed with the mantissae. The characteristic of a field, if non-zero, must be a prime number.
A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation for example, the large muscles of a weightlifter.
Any heritable characteristic of an organism that improves its ability to survive and reproduce in its environment. Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection. A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it.
Peaks on the landscape correspond to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is high, valleys to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is low.
Also called a fitness surface. A behavior has adaptive logic if it tends to increase the number of offspring that an individual contributes to the next and following generations. If such a behavior is even partly genetically determined, it will tend to become widespread in the population.
Then, even if circumstances change such that it no longer provides any survival or reproductive advantage, the behavior will still tend to be exhibited -- unless it becomes positively disadvantageous in the new environment.
The diversification, over evolutionary time, of a species or group of species into several different species or subspecies that are typically adapted to different ecological niches for example, Darwin's finches. The term can also be applied to larger groups of organisms, as in "the adaptive radiation of mammals.
A mode of coping with competition or environmental conditions on an evolutionary time scale. Species adapt when succeeding generations emphasize beneficial characteristics. A person who believes that the existence of a god or creator and the nature of the universe is unknowable.
An umbrella term for various simple organisms that contain chlorophyll and can therefore carry out photosynthesis and live in aquatic habitats and in moist situations on land.
The term has no direct taxonomic significance. Algae range from macroscopic seaweeds such as giant kelp, which frequently exceeds 30 m in length, to microscopic filamentous and single-celled forms such as Spirogyra and Chlorella.
One of the alternative forms of a gene. For example, if a gene determines the seed color of peas, one allele of that gene may produce green seeds and another allele produce yellow seeds.
In a diploid cell there are usually two alleles of any one gene one from each parent.
Within a population there may be many different alleles of a gene; each has a unique nucleotide sequence. The relation between the size of an organism and the size of any of its parts. For example, an allometric relation exists between brain size and body size, such that in this case animals with bigger bodies tend to have bigger brains.
Allometric relations can be studied during the growth of a single organism, between different organisms within a species, or between organisms in different species.'An American Translation' When God began to create the heavens and the earth, the earth was a desolate waste, with darkness covering the abyss and a tempestuous wind raging over the .
To know another language is to have a second soul Charlemagne.
The limits of my language stand for the limits of my world Ludwig Wittgenstein. alphabetnyc.comcs visitors, We’re asking for your help.
For over 20 years, the alphabetnyc.comcs website has provided engaging, multimedia educational materials at no cost.. alphabetnyc.comcs is one of the most-used science websites. The Characteristics and Translation Principles of Business English Words Nov 23rd, 9 Pages Abstract: Along with the further development of the social economy of our country, foreign business activities have penetrated all enterprises.
The MendelWeb Glossary. This is a glossary of terms that appear in Mendel's paper and other areas of MendelWeb. It is not meant to be exhaustive, and is aimed primarily at students in secondary and undergraduate schools. “Is this what you are talking about?” Confucius said, “Ah, now I can begin to discuss the Book of Odes with Ci.
I speak of various things, and he knows what is to be brought back. 3 ”  子曰。.