Discussion leaders will need to be familiar with the background for the paper that we will discuss. This will likely require reading additional papers usually some referenced in the introduction.
Kimuyu The emergence of computerized medical imaging in early s, which merged with digital technology in the s, was celebrated as a major breakthrough in three-dimensional 3D medicine.
The study explored the suitability of the Direct Linear Transformation as a method for the determination of 3D coordinates of targeted points from multiple images acquired with the Statscan X-ray system and optimization of the scan range.
This investigation was carried out as a first step towards the development of a method to determine the accurate positions of points on or inside the human body. The major causes of errors in three-dimensional point localization using Statscan images were firstly, the X-ray beam divergence and secondly, the position of the point targets above the X-ray platform.
The experiments carried out with two reference frames showed that point positions could be established with RMS values in the mm range in the middle axis of the X-ray patient platform. This range of acceptable mm accuracies extends about 15 to 20 cm sideways towards the edge of the X-ray table and to about 20 cm above the table surface.
Beyond this range, accuracy deteriorated significantly reaching Presenting scientific research paper values of 30mm to 40 mm. The experiments further showed that the inclusion of control points close to the table edges and more than 20 cm above the table resulted in lower accuracies for the L - parameters of the DLT solution than those derived from points close to the center axis only.
As the accuracy of the L - parameters propagates into accuracy of the final coordinates of newly determined points, it is essential to restrict the space of the control points to the above described limits.
If one adopts the usual approach of surrounding the object by known control points, then the limited space with an acceptable accuracy potential for the L - terms would not be large enough to enclose an adult human body surrounded by suitably positioned control points. This shortcoming can be overcome by making use of two further observations made in the course of this investigation.
These observations were firstly, that the best image orientation angles are 00 and toand secondly, that no significant improvement could be achieved when using more than two images. This observation contradicts the theory of adjustment and observations, and can be investigated in further research.
The possible observation method deduced from this is as follows: First, a frame with well distributed control points with accurate 3D coordinates and of approximately the size of a human body is placed on the X-ray table and imaged with the X-ray beam in the 0 degree position.
This makes it possible to determine L - parameters for this ray orientation; 2. The frame is removed; the patient is positioned in the control space; and an X-ray image of the patient is taken 3.
The X-ray source is rotated to a new position between and and a second image of the patient is acquired and fourth, the patient is removed and replaced by the frame.
A final image of the frame is now acquired. This approach can only then result in accurate point positions, if the patient remains motionless for the duration of steps 2 and 3. An alternative to this observation design would be simultaneous imaging from two X-ray sources, one with 00 orientations and the other with an orientation between and Siregar The aim of the research was to acquire resistance callus of Tamarillo Solanum betaceum Cav.
The study was designed by Factorial randomized design, consisting of two factors: UV-B light power; 10, 20 and 30 watts, and exposure time 30, 60 and 90 seconds. The Colletorichum filtrate added into medium ppm as resistant selection. Callus gained by selection were analyzed by peroxidase and polyphenoloxidase activity changing.
Analysis of both enzymes activity showed decreased of protein levels at all samples. But after selection of Colletorichum filtrate, both enzymes showed increasing of theirs protein levels. The samples after selection showed more tolerant against filtrate compared to control, the highest value obtained in the treatment of UV-B radiation of 20 watts and exposure time of 30 seconds for peroxidase and 20 watt and 60 seconds for polyphenoloxidase.Find a Science Fair Project Idea.
Looking for inspiration for a science fair project? Science Buddies has over 1, Project Ideas in all areas of science. The Topic Selection Wizard tool can help you find a project you will enjoy! 5. Summary: Bullet points help break up large blocks of text, make complex articles and blog posts easier to grasp, and make key information stand out.
Sometimes the best way to present information is in a bulleted list. Bulleted lists attract attention, support scanning, shorten text, and reveal the . presenting research results to the scientific community • Research results are presented in three main formats: oral presentation; poster presentation; written paper.
• LS-LAMP participants give oral presentations and turn in written papers. Introduction • The Introduction provides background.
how to give a paper presentation Scientific oral presentations are not simply readings of scientific manuscripts (see the reading “How to present a paper orally” on the MIT server for more on this and a discussion of.
Department of Computer Science School of Computing, National University of Singapore The following video shows an example of presenting a research paper in 5 minutes by Prof. Kevin McGee. Sorry that the video quality is low. However, I hope some insights can be learned beyond these blur images.
How to Present a Research Paper in 5 . This is because, if the discussion is insufficient, how can you objectively demonstrate the scientific significance of your work in the introduction?
Write a clear Conclusion. Write a compelling How do you decide between presenting your data as tables or figures? State the purpose of the paper and research strategy adopted to answer the.
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|How to Present a Research Paper in 5 Minutes by Prof. Kevin McGee | Shen's Personal Website||Bibliography Definition The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry.|
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