And so the unconscious motive to satisfy others will often conflict with our basic need for self-preservation.
Psychological disorders can be debilitating for one who suffers from them. In the United States, surveys suggest that almost 1 of every 5 adults receives treatment for psychological disorders in the course of a year Comer, Marla, a year-old Hispanic female who is an accountant, came into the mental health clinic, seems to exhibit symptoms that she suffers from an anxiety disorder.
Marla has complaints of sleeping problems, experiencing a jumpy feeling all of the time, an inability to concentrate, and her symptoms are causing problems with her job performance, which, all points to generalized anxiety disorder GAD.
To determine if Marla does indeed suffer from an anxiety disorder or type of anxiety disorder, a clinical assessment needs to be performed, and the given information from the clinical assessment needs to be compared to the criteria set in the DSM-IV.
Clinical Assessments Clinical assessments are used be clinicians in determining why and how one behaves abnormally and are a means for how one might seek help Comer, The developed techniques and tools of clinical assessments fall into three categories, which are clinical interviews, tests, and observations Comer, Personality and response inventories, projective, psychophysiological, neurological, neuropsychological, and intelligence tests are the six test commonly used by clinicians.
Three types of technique are used in observing patient, which are naturalistic observation, analog observation, and self-monitoring.
For accuracy and usefulness clinical interviews, tests, and observations have to be standardized, as well as have clear reliability and validity Comer, To standardize a technique it has to be to set in a way where similar steps can be followed whenever it is administered, reliability refers to the consistency of assessment measures, and validity refers to how a technique must accurately measure what it is supposed to measure Comer, Therefore, to reach the proper diagnosis Marla needs to participate in a clinical assessment.
In this assessment, Marla will participate in a clinical interview, will be tested, and observed to determine the proper diagnoses. Once the proper diagnoses is determine there will be an effective treatment plan established.
The Diagnosis of Marla The first step in diagnosis of Marla is a clinical interview. Depending on how Marla answers the questions reflects directly on the persistent issues that are affecting her daily life. In conducting the clinical interview with Marla I considered asking the following questions: In the United States anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders, and in any given year around 18 percent of the adult population suffer from one or another of the six anxiety disorders identified by DSM-IV-TR, while close to 29 percent of all people develop one of the disorders at some point in their lives Comer, Excessive worry is the key feature of generalized anxiety disorder GAD.
According to the DSM checklist one with generalized anxiety disorder GAD will experience excessive or ongoing anxiety and worry, for at least six months, about numerous events or activities, has difficulty controlling the worry, and at least three of the following symptoms, which are restlessness, easy fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance Comer, One also suffers from significant distress or impairment.
When one experiences excessive anxiety in most circumstances and worries about almost anything, it is described as free-floating anxiety Comer, Therefore, biological treatments are the more effective.
Biological theorists view abnormal behavior as an illness, such as generalized anxiety disorder, which is brought on by malfunctioning parts of the organism Comer, Malfunctioning parts of the organism are usually considered the brain anatomy or brain chemistry, therefore their malfunctioning is the cause of abnormal behavior.
Through research clinicians have discovered connections between certain psychological disorders such as generalized anxiety disorders, and problems in specific areas of the brain Comer, The specific areas of the brain, such as neurons in the cerebrum, which includes brain structures such as the basal ganglia, hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum, and cerebral cortex are where abnormal functioning takes place and psychological disorders can be traced Comer, Researchers and studies point toward psychological disorders in relation to problems in the transmission of messages from one neuron to another neuron, therefore abnormal activity by certain neurotransmitters can lead to specific mental disorders Comer, Biological abnormalities that are the cause of or are related to psychological disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder may be the end result of genetics, evolution, and viral infections.
Potential treatments for generalized anxiety disorder GAD through the biological model are biologically based. The leading biological treatments used for psychological disorders are drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, and a combination thereof.Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.. Freud first used the term psychoanalysis (in French) in This will be a great help for me in terms of creating my story project.
This is a GREAT COMPILATION OF JAM-PACKED ACTION WORDS. Thanks a bunch for this post. Background.
Major depressive disorder is one of the most common, burdensome, and costly psychiatric disorders worldwide in adults.
Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are available; however, because of inadequate resources, antidepressants are used more frequently than psychological interventions. Final Project: Analysis of a Psychological Disorder Axia University PSY June 26, Final Project: Psychological Disorder Analysis This paper will be an analysis of Marla, a year-old Hispanic female.
🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT alphabetnyc.com Final Project: Psychological Disorder Analysis Marla is a year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of having trouble sleeping, feeling "jumpy all of the time," and experiencing an inability to concentrate.