Measures of cognition, language, behavior, and parenting stress were used to explore differences between children experiencing various forms of neglect, as well as to compare children with and without a history of early neglect.
Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children.
Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death. Psychological consequences range from chronic low self-esteem to severe dissociative states.
The cognitive effects of abuse range from attentional problems and learning disorders to severe organic brain syndromes. Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors.
Thus, the consequences of abuse and neglect affect the victims themselves and the society in which they live.
Many complexities challenge our understanding of factors and relationships that exacerbate or mitigate the consequences of abusive experiences. The majority of children who are abused do not show signs of extreme disturbance. Research has suggested a relationship between child maltreatment and a variety of short- and long-term consequences, but considerable uncertainty and debate remain about the effects of child victimization on children, adolescents, and adults.
The relationship between the causes and consequences of child maltreatment is particularly problematic, since some factors such as low intelligence in the child may help stimulate abusive behavior by the parent or caretaker, but low intelligence can also be a consequence of abusive experiences in early childhood.
The scientific study of child maltreatment and its consequences is in its Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. The National Academies Press. Until recently, research on the consequences of physical and sexual child abuse and neglect has been based primarily on retrospective studies of adolescents or adults that are subject to clinical bias and inaccurate recall Aber and Cicchetti, Research on the consequences of abuse is also challenged by the hidden nature of much abuse and because these experiences may not come to anyone's attention until years after they occur.
Maltreatment often occurs in the presence of multiple problems within a family or social environment, including poverty, violence, substance abuse, and unemployment. Distinguishing consequences that are associated directly with the experience of child maltreatment itself rather than other social disorders is a daunting task for the research investigator.
Research on the consequences of child maltreatment is also uneven and, as a result, we do not yet understand the consequences on children of particular types or multiple forms of abuse.
In recent years, much attention has been focused on the consequences of child sexual abuse, especially the adolescent and adult sexual behavior of the victim. Less attention has been given to the short- and long-term consequences of child neglect and physical abuse.
Only recently has public awareness expanded to include recognition of the psychological consequences that stem from even the most subtle forms of emotional maltreatment.
The effects of aging on the cognitive development of humans progressively grows as an individual ages. From birth, the human mind begins to rapidly acquire knowledge and. Does culture determine cognitive development? I believe that cognitive development is greatly impacted by culture. As a race we are social beings and learn from our surroundings, community and family. Cultural background and identity will influence us as we develop into . Culture shapes experiences and influences children’s development. This topic aims to show how child development and culture are connected, how these influences manifest themselves, and the effects of cultural differences on children of immigrant families.
Some experts now contend that the psychological or emotional components of abuse and neglect are the factor most responsible for the destructive consequences of all types of maltreatment Brassard et al. Nor do we yet know the importance of the particular timing, intensity, and context of abuse on the outcome.
Factors such as the age and developmental status of the child may influence the outcomes of maltreatment experiences. Effects that appear at only one life stage, whether immediately following the maltreatment or later, are often different from those that persist throughout life.
What may appear to be adaptive or functional at one point in development avoiding an abusive parent or desensitizing oneself against feelings may later compromise the person's ability to draw on and respond to personal relationships in an adaptive and flexible way. Given the wide variations reported in the research literature, certain intrinsic strengths and vulnerabilities within a child and the child's environment may affect the extent to which abuse will have adverse consequences.
Disordered patterns of adaptation may lie dormant, only to appear during times of stress or in conjunction with particular circumstances Sroufe and Rutter, Cognitive Development A dramatic shift in thinking from concrete to abstract gives adolescents a whole new set of mental tools.
They are now able to analyze situations logically in terms of cause and effect. A cross-cultural study undertaken in Morocco was designed to compare the effects of age, schooling and environment on the development of recall and recognition memory.
The subjects were males. It is widely believed that television viewing has a negative impact on school achievement. This belief is supported by negative statistical associations sometimes found between school achievement and amount of television viewing; that is, heavy TV viewers tend to show poorer achievement than light viewers.
Free cognitive development papers, essays, and research papers. An issue with physical development can cause serious detrimental effects on both cognitive development and psychosocial development. The Powerful Youth program is a culturally relevant because the program exists within the client’s own culture.
[tags: Maslow's. The cognitive development of children between 2 to 3 years old can be adversely affected if they use devices for long periods of time.
At this particular age, kids should learn and develop visual skills, spatial skills, and motor skills in order to lead a normal life. Cognitive development -- the brain's development -- often is associated with intellectual capacities, but also includes memory and sensory development.
Though many parents are interested in the way genetics affects their infants, environment strongly affects a child's cognitive development.