The term Confederation also commonly stands for 1 Julythe date of the creation of the Dominion. Beginning incolonial politicians, known as the Fathers of Confederation, met and negotiated the terms of Confederation at conferences in Charlottetown, Quebec City and London, England.
Macdonald surprised the Atlantic premiers by asking if the Province of Canada could be included in the negotiations. Since the agenda for the meeting had already been set, the delegation from the Province of Canada was initially not an official part of the Conference.
The issue of Maritime Union was deferred and the Canadians were formally allowed to join and address the Conference. Other proposals attractive to the politicians from the Maritime colonies were: At this point there was no railway link from Quebec City to Halifax, and the people of each region had little to do with one another.
Nevertheless, he found Prince Edward Islanders to be "amazingly civilized". In the Maritimes there was concern that the smooth Canadians with their sparkling champagne and charming speeches were outsmarting the delegates of the smaller provinces.
Macdonald asked Viscount Monckthe Governor General of the Province of Canada to invite delegates from the three Maritime provinces and Newfoundland to a conference with United Canada delegates. Monck obliged and the Conference went ahead at Quebec City in October Delegates at the Quebec ConferenceOctober The Conference began on October 10,on the site of present-day Montmorency Park.
Despite differences in the positions of some of the delegates on some issues, the Quebec Conference, following so swiftly on the success of the Charlottetown Conference, was infused with a determinative sense of purpose and nationalism.
With the addition of Newfoundland to the Conference, the other three Maritime colonies did not wish to see the strength of their provinces in the upper chamber diluted by simply adding Newfoundland to the Atlantic category. Macdonald, who was aiming for the strongest central government possible, insisted that this was to be the central government, and in this he was supported by, among others, Tupper.
The Conference adjourned on October Prince Edward Island emerged disappointed from the Quebec Conference. Dawson and reprinted in a Quebec City newspaper during the Conference. The union proved more controversial in the Maritime provinces, however, and it was not until that New Brunswick and Nova Scotia passed union resolutions, while Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland continued to opt against joining.
In Decembersixteen delegates from the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia travelled to London, where the 4th Earl of Carnarvon presented each to Queen Victoria in private audience as well as holding court for their wives and daughters.
After breaking for Christmas, the delegates reconvened in January and began drafting the British North America Act. Ultimately, the delegates elected to call the new country the Dominion of Canada, after "kingdom" and "confederation", among other options, were rejected for various reasons.
The term dominion was allegedly suggested by Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley. The Act was presented to Queen Victoria on February 11, The bill was introduced in the House of Lords the next day. The bill was quickly approved by the House of Lords, and then also quickly approved by the British House of Commons.
The Act received royal assent on March 29,and set July 1,as the date for union. Separate provinces were re-established under their current names of Ontario and Quebec.
Noting the flaws perceived in the American system, the Fathers of Confederation opted to retain a monarchical form of government. Macdonaldspeaking in about the proposals for the upcoming confederation of Canada, said: By adhering to the monarchical principle we avoid one defect inherent in the Constitution of the United States.
By the election of the president by a majority and for a short period, he never is the sovereign and chief of the nation.Make Your Own Heritage Minute!. Have you ever wanted to make your own Heritage Minute?We’re inviting Canadian students and educators to explore the legacy of the Fathers of Confederation and Sir John A., through the creation of their own Heritage Minute-style video..
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Canadian Confederation (French: Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, Upon confederation, the old province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec; along with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the new federation thus comprised four provinces.
AP World Chapter 23 Vocab study guide by REL26 includes 15 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Confederation Canada became a country, the Dominion of Canada, in Before that, British North America was made up of a few provinces, the vast area of Rupert’s Land (privately owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company), and the North-Western Territory.