Kamran Afshar-Naderi, Page: This group of works ranges from very commonplace match-box houses to large commercial complexes.
Kamran Afshar-Naderi, Page: Houshang Seyhoun Modern architecture was introduced in Iran 60 years ago and we are now witnessing the fourth generation of Iranian architects. With architecture how a productive activity, we should admit that considerable progress has been made in this period.
Today, most buildings, at least from a bureaucratic perspective, are "engineer-built" and the number of graduates and students of architecture has increased. The Construction Engineering Association has many members and large construction engineering consulting firms have been established.
However from an artistic perspective, and specially if we expect our building activity to signify as well a cultural advance, we cannot cite a particular work as a brilliant example from recent decades.
In architecture, cultural progress is not synonymous with the number of buildings constructed or the changes in tastes and trends that are always manifest among the younger generation of architects.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Timor, Indonesia, West Papua related books and more from ETAN. Eastern vs. Western Architecture essaysArchitecture has many unique characteristics as compared to the vast body of styles of art. Architecture must be functional and contend with difficult engineering challenges as well as an artistic statement. Even within the boundaries of architecture, it is o.
To examine positive achievements in the fields of arts and culture, one should study the structural changes in the architectural profession and in its design methodology.
Lack of respect for the architectural profession shown by both public and private building patrons and their interference in the implementation of projects are among chronic difficulties that have remained as rampant today as yesterday.
Recently, a new issue has been added to these and that is the resistance of building patrons toward the construction of an edifice that is of a bold and outstanding artistic design. Heydar Ghiai With regard to artistic values and our concept of architecture, in most cases, we are still preoccupied with the old question, "West or tradition?
In the first issue of the magazine "Architect" Vartan wrote about the prospects of Iranian architecture: This is due to the fact that on the one hand, through an absolute and inappropriate use of the expression "traditional architecture", we contradict the historical character of architecture and the dependence of style on time and location.
On the other hand, we tend to attribute to the West all the achievements of modern architecture, on which Oriental cultures and Islamic countries have had some direct and indirect influence, and thus ignore the need to establish an agreeable link with modern architectural forms.
Two important objections can be raised concerning this association. Such a view promotes a simplistic view of the West as being culturally uniform and congruous. The second objection is that we are searching for our own identity by referring to phenomena that are not compatible with our present conditions and are to a large extent unknown to us.
This state of affairs is itself the result of some kind of confused attitude towards architecture. As to traditional architecture, it is worth nothing that the primary difference between a traditional activity and a modern one is more in the process and method of executing out that activity than in the final product.
Thus, if today we are to imitate all the patterns and forms belonging to our historical architecture, we will not succeed as proven in practice as the process of designing and constructing buildings is not being done the traditional.
On the other hand, there are tendencies that are opposed to the utilization of any traditional form of architecture and these try to keep pace with developments in modern architecture. These trends copy foreign styles. If in the past we had tens of Le Corbusier, Wright, or Alto imitators, nowadays among students, we have hundreds of Eisenmans, Andos, and Kurokawas.
Although in the teaching of architecture, the old custom of master and apprentice has apparently become obsolete, the need for it still remains, albeit in a disguised and unofficial form.
Whether we take a certain position as our point of departure, what is important in discussing it is architecture itself. Iranian architects in the ancient Achaemenid period as well as in the recent Qajar period have demonstrated how elements from foreign architectural influences can be employed to create works that are in complete harmony with the Iranian spirit and culture, Nowadays, however, in using elements from "traditional" architecture, the resulting buildings are completely incongruous with the spirit and culture of our nation.
Our present-day difficulty is not that we have become too westernized or that we work too much along a traditional vein.About Us. Archiseek is an online magazine dedicated to, but not exclusively to, Irish architecture. Featuring news from Irish architecture, encouraging discussion between architects and those interested in our built environment, Archiseek is the leading Irish architecture publication.
The architecture of Ancient Greece concerns the buildings erected on the Greek mainland, the Aegean Islands, and throughout the Greek colonies in Asia Minor (Turkey), Sicily and Italy, during the approximate period BCE.
Arguably the greatest form of . By commercial architecture, we mean that collection of works the main goal of which is to satisfy the customer. This group of works ranges from very commonplace match-box houses to large commercial complexes.
Graduated at the Architectural Association (AA) and University College London, Tony Leung is a UK-registered Architect since After practicing in London and Hong Kong, he founded URB in specializing in modernizations of Children and Youth Centers.
Fault Lines: Turkey from East to West [George Georgiou] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Turkey is often seen as the country that will bridge the gap between the West and the Middle East. At the moment Turkey is at a political crossroads itself.
Chinese architecture demonstrates an architectural style that developed over millennia in China, before spreading out to influence architecture all throughout East alphabetnyc.com the solidification of the style in the early imperial period, the structural principles of Chinese architecture have remained largely unchanged, the main changes being only the decorative details.