Colonial economy to s[ edit ] Shipping scene in Salem, Massachusetts, a shipping hub, in the s The colonial economy differed significantly from that of most other regions in that land and natural resources were abundant in America but labor was scarce. Population growth was responsible for over three-quarters of the economic growth of the British American colonies. The free white population had the highest standard of living in the world. Under the colonial system Britain put restrictions on the type of products that could be made in the colonies and put restrictions on trade outside the British Empire.
History of the United States: Aftermembership in the Republican Party fell, as terrorist groups used violence and intimidation to diminish black votes and curb Republican support.
Mobilizing white votes, Democrats sought to regain control of state governments.
Once in office, Democrats dismantled the changes that Republicans had imposed. They rewrote state constitutions, cut state budgets and social programs, and lowered taxes. They also imposed laws to curb the rights of sharecroppers and tenants and to ensure a powerless black labor force.
One such law forced debtors to work the land until their debts were paid. By the fall ofDemocrats had returned to power in all Southern states except South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana. The presidential election that year ended in a dispute over the electoral votes of these three states.
Each party claimed victory. A special electoral commission gave the contest to Republican Rutherford B. To secure the election of their candidate, Republican Party leaders struck a bargain with Southern Democrats.
Republicans vowed, among other promises, to remove federal troops from Southern states. Democrats promised to accept Hayes and treat blacks fairly.
Under the Compromise ofHayes became president, the last federal troops left the South, and the era of Reconstruction ended. The Southern Republican Party virtually vanished.
Black voting was not completely extinguished, but violence and intimidation caused it to decline. Southern Democrats had triumphed.
They remained in firm control of Southern states without Northern interference. Ex-Confederates, although humiliated by defeat in the Civil War, regained power. But the South was now tied to racial oppression and economic backwardness.
The 14th and 15th Amendments ensured black rights and gave the vote to black men. To maintain the rights of Southern blacks, however, would have meant a far longer period of military rule—which both Republicans and Democrats of the s wished to avoid—and postponed any hope of national reunion.
Only in the s would the nation begin to confront the consequences of failing to protect the rights of black citizens. In the last third of the 19th century, Americans turned to their economic future—to developing the nation's vast resources, to wrestling profit from industry, and to the settlement of the trans-Mississippi West.
Settlers battled Native Americans for desirable lands, carved out farms, and built mines and ranches.
By the end of the century, the Western territories had turned into states, and their residents had become part of a rapidly industrializing economy. After the Civil War, the Native Americans confronted a growing stream of settlers—prospectors, ranchers, and farm families.
The newcomers brought with them new diseases that ravaged the tribes.
The settlers also killed off the buffalo and thus damaged the Native American economy. The Plains peoples defended their land and their way of life from the oncoming settlers. Fierce battles took place in the s and s between the Plains peoples and federal troops.
Ultimately, disease and conflict reduced the population and power of the tribes. Displacement by settlers and concentration on Indian reservations, mainly in Oklahoma, Wyoming, and the Dakotas, challenged the traditional Native American way of life.Mar 21, · During the world war of , the future of the Japanese empire was decided at Allied summit meetings.
a United States military administration under the direction of General Douglas. United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean.
World War I was one of the great watersheds of 20th-century geopolitical history. It led to the fall of four great imperial dynasties (in Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey), resulted in the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, and, in its destabilization of European society, laid the groundwork for World War II.
The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January , during the Second World War, when. Bestselling military historian H. W.
Crocker III (The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Civil War, Robert E. Lee on Leadership, etc.) now turns his guns on the epic story of America’s involvement in the First World War with his new book The Yanks Are Coming: A Military History of the United States in World War I marks the centenary of the beginning of that war, and in Crocker’s.
History of U.S. Immigration Laws Skip to main navigation The Naturalization Act of established the first rules for acquiring citizenship in the United States of America.
in an international effort to close the refugee camps which had been in operation in Europe since the end of World War II. U.S. participation was limited to one.